Circumpolar Cooperation1

 Canada cooperates closely with the U.S.A. in defence and a vast range of other Arctic-related areas. The government has also made a particular effort to develop cooperative arrangements with the U.S.S.R. in appropriate sectors. The specific goal is to exchange useful information on Arctic-related sciences; the more general goal is to help lessen East-West tensions. The 1984 Canada-U.S.S.R. protocol on bilateral cooperation in Arctic sciences was the first such agreement.

With other circumpolar states Canada has moved steadily to increase cooperation and exchanges. Further strengthening of relations with these states will be pursued as resources permit. Canada is now prepared to nominate an honorary consul to serve in Nuuk, the seat of Greenland's home-rule government. The government is considering a number of initiatives to strengthen cooperation with the Nordic countries, including high-level delegations or symposia.

 The Inuit also have an important part to play in circumpolar relations. Alaskan, Canadian and Greenlandic Inuit are linked in the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC), which provides for cooperation among the North American Inuit and possibly, one day, their counterparts in the Soviet Union. Canada continues to provide support to the ICC.


1 Excerpt from Government of Canada, Canada 's International Relations, Response of the Government of Canada to the Report of the Special Joint Committee of the Senate and the House of Commons, Supply and Services Canada, 1986, pp. 32-33.

"In This Issue..."